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корица - Contributions to the studies of the Thracian anepigraphic silver coins with images of silenus and nymph  from the second half of the 6th century BC to the middle of the 5th century BC

Contributions to the studies of the Thracian anepigraphic silver coins with images of silenus and nymph from the second half of the 6th century BC to the middle of the 5th century BC

автор: Stavri Topalov

издателство: Mind Print

ISBN: 978-619-7282-00-9

започната: 2015-12-05

завършена: 2015-12-10

1. издание

език: английски

жанр: нумизматика, колекционерство

Изработване на корица

Сътрудничество при печат

формат: 60 х 84 / 16 (А5)

страници: 92

The results of the observations and studying of long years by the author of the coins minted in Ancient Thrace and found over the territory of to-day’s Bulgaria are submitted in a summarized form in the present study. On the basis of new numismatic materials found and of the region of their provenance are presented results of the study of anepigraphic coins with images of silenus and nymph and the more rarely encountered coins with images of centaurs and nymphs minted in the second half of 6th century BC and at the beginning of 5th century BC spread mainly in lands far from the southern coast of Ancient Thrace. Great attention is paid to the coins of the type „silenus embracing a nymph – concave square consisting of sectors of four small squares“ which are mentioned as coins of the type „silenus and nymph“, a type having dominated in the monetary circulation over the territories inhabited by the Odryssians , i. e. in the south-western part of the early Odryssian Kingdom. According to most of the research workers these coins were minted in Thasos or other Greek towns on the Thracian coast although only several dozens of such coins had been found over the territory of to-day’s Greece. Only two denominations of the same are mentioned in their studies, namely staters and drachmas, and at present these researchers accept that all three of them are staters. Silver coins of the type „silenus and nymph“ of two lower denominations unknown at the time of the first publications of the author and bronze coins of the type „silenus and nymph“ of two denominations also unknown until that time as well as information about several thousands of coins of the type „silenus and nymph“ , all of them found in the interior of Thrace are published in the authors studies. On the basis of their concentrated provenance from the lands inhabited by the Odryssians along the upper and middle courses of the rivers Maritza and Toundzha, their minting for a long time by the early Odryssian kings and their use as a main local type of silver coins in the south-western part of the territory of the early Odryssian Kingdom the author expresses more than 25 important arguments for the belonging of the coins of the type „silenus and nymph“ to the early Thracian tribal minting, most probably the Odryssian minting and certainly to the minting of the early Odryssian kings (first publications: Топалов, 1998, 93-162; Topalov, 2003, 99-178 and recently Топалов, 2011; Topalov, 2012; Топалов, 2014, 43-261 and specifically 217-261).
Coins of the type „dancing silenus and nymph/silenus chasing a nymph – concave square divided into four triangles by two diagonals“ and „centaur embracing a nymph“ – concave square consisting of sectors of four small squares“ minted in the same period of time are commented in details in the study. On the basis of the comparison between the main images of coins minted by the Greek towns on the Thracian coast and the coins with images of silenuses and nymphs and centaurs and nymphs and of important arguments adduced conclusions are drawn that the coins with these main images belong to the early Thracian tribal coinage and not to the early Greek urban coinage. We point out only one of the arguments, namely that out of the nine types of coins with images of silenuses and nymphs and centaurs and nymphs six bear the names of different Thracian tribes and three are anepigraphic ones and that coins with such images bearing names of Greek towns of the Thracian coast are not known although such towns had adopted the practice, since the beginning of 5th century BC, to add on the coins the name of their issuers to the main images of them. Two out of these three types of anepigraphic coins are still considered, without sufficient grounds, as minted by Greek towns of the Thracian coast.

 

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